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中国增值税改革进入冲刺阶段:4月1日的好票和5月1日的好税纳税人财政和经济

????新华社北京3月27日电标题:4月1日,“买好票”,5月1日“交好税”——中国深化增值税改革已进入新华社记者刘洪霞、余琼媛的冲刺阶段。再过几天,今年税收减免的主力军近2万亿元,即降低增值税税率,将正式“承认”。服务工作各方面进展如何?纳税人能期望的实际收益是什么?27日,财政部、国家税务总局有关负责人赴国务院新闻办公室,就有关热点问题作出回应。财政部副部长程立华表示,如果今年年初出台的小微企业税收优惠政策是今年大幅度减税的“开胃菜”,那么增值税改革措施就是“主菜”和“硬菜”。到目前为止,今年已经出台了主要的减税措施。”她说,今年确定的主要减税措施已经提前出台并迅速实施,体现了包容性减税和结构性减税相结合的特点。以“放水养鱼”、增强发展势头、考虑金融可持续性为重点,既是减轻企业负担、激发市场活力的重要举措,也是完善税制、优化收入分配方式的重要改革。国家税务总局财税司司长王道树表示,税收体系内部的准备工作已经基本完成。下一阶段的重点是为纳税人提供良好的服务,帮助纳税人尽快做好享受政策的准备,努力确保4月1日“好票”和5月1日“好报税”。增值税税率不变,分别为6%和1%。同时降低16%和10%税率的,生产、生活服务业的纳税义务人适用6%税率,可以因免征进项税额而增加税收负担。如何确保所有行业的税收负担都减轻而不是增加?国家税务总局副局长孙瑞宝介绍,经过反复研究计算,最终确定了进项税额的加减10%政策。为了最大限度地提高纳税人的便利性,在优惠政策的实现上,我们采用“三个自”的模式,即纳税人的自决、自我申报和自我享受,以避免由于纳税人数量多、审计时间长而造成的政策延误,确保纳税人充分享受优惠政策。及时改革股息分配。”他说。今年深化增值税改革引起了人们的广泛关注:在期末试行预提退税政策。期末扣缴税额是指纳税义务人已扣缴的税款,不足以抵扣进项税额,但尚未足额抵扣的部分。对于期末扣税金额,我国采用下一期结转扣税的制度安排。孙瑞宝介绍,去年,中国对部分符合条件的企业在一定时期内未缴进项税实行一次性退税,实现退税1148亿元。随着增值税改革步伐的加快,今年我们将把预扣税退税扩大到全行业。只要纳税人符合要求,就可以退还其新增的预扣税退税。”他说,这标志着我国已初步建立了期末预扣退税制度,为完善增值税制度、优化经营环境迈出了重要一步。财政部税务司司长王建凡认为,降低税率是直接减税,增加扣除项目也是减税。期末保留退税是为了增加企业的现金流量,减少企业的财务费用。未来,从建立现代增值税制度的改革方向来看,三税合一更有利于简化和公平。但是,这项改革应该在综合考虑经济发展、税制变化等诸多条件的基础上进行,是一个不断推进的过程。责任编辑:刘万丽SF014

xin hua she bei jing 3 yue 27 ri dian biao ti: 4 yue 1 ri," mai hao piao", 5 yue 1 ri" jiao hao shui" zhong guo shen hua zeng zhi shui gai ge yi jin ru xin hua she ji zhe liu hong xia yu qiong yuan de chong ci jie duan. zai guo ji tian, jin nian shui shou jian mian de zhu li jun jin 2 wan yi yuan, ji jiang di zeng zhi shui shui lv, jiang zheng shi" cheng ren". fu wu gong zuo ge fang mian jin zhan ru he? na shui ren neng qi wang de shi ji shou yi shi shen me? 27 ri, cai zheng bu guo jia shui wu zong ju you guan fu ze ren fu guo wu yuan xin wen ban gong shi, jiu you guan re dian wen ti zuo chu hui ying. cai zheng bu fu bu chang cheng li hua biao shi, ru guo jin nian nian chu chu tai de xiao wei qi ye shui shou you hui zheng ce shi jin nian da fu du jian shui de" kai wei cai", na me zeng zhi shui gai ge cuo shi jiu shi" zhu cai" he" ying cai". dao mu qian wei zhi, jin nian yi jing chu tai le zhu yao de jian shui cuo shi." ta shuo, jin nian que ding de zhu yao jian shui cuo shi yi jing ti qian chu tai bing xun su shi shi, ti xian le bao rong xing jian shui he jie gou xing jian shui xiang jie he de te dian. yi" fang shui yang yu" zeng qiang fa zhan shi tou kao lv jin rong ke chi xu xing wei zhong dian, ji shi jian qing qi ye fu dan ji fa shi chang huo li de zhong yao ju cuo, ye shi wan shan shui zhi you hua shou ru fen pei fang shi de zhong yao gai ge. guo jia shui wu zong ju cai shui si si zhang wang dao shu biao shi, shui shou ti xi nei bu de zhun bei gong zuo yi jing ji ben wan cheng. xia yi jie duan de zhong dian shi wei na shui ren ti gong liang hao de fu wu, bang zhu na shui ren jin kuai zuo hao xiang shou zheng ce de zhun bei, nu li que bao 4 yue 1 ri" hao piao" he 5 yue 1 ri" hao bao shui". zeng zhi shui shui lv bu bian, fen bie wei 6 he 1. tong shi jiang di 16 he 10 shui lv de, sheng chan sheng huo fu wu ye de na shui yi wu ren shi yong 6 shui lv, ke yi yin mian zheng jin xiang shui e er zeng jia shui shou fu dan. ru he que bao suo you hang ye de shui shou fu dan dou jian qing er bu shi zeng jia? guo jia shui wu zong ju fu ju zhang sun rui bao jie shao, jing guo fan fu yan jiu ji suan, zui zhong que ding le jin xiang shui e de jia jian 10 zheng ce. wei le zui da xian du di ti gao na shui ren de bian li xing, zai you hui zheng ce de shi xian shang, wo men cai yong" san ge zi" de mo shi, ji na shui ren de zi jue zi wo shen bao he zi wo xiang shou, yi bi mian you yu na shui ren shu liang duo shen ji shi jian zhang er zao cheng de zheng ce yan wu, que bao na shui ren chong fen xiang shou you hui zheng ce. ji shi gai ge gu xi fen pei." ta shuo. jin nian shen hua zeng zhi shui gai ge yin qi le ren men de guang fan guan zhu: zai qi mo shi xing yu ti tui shui zheng ce. qi mo kou jiao shui e shi zhi na shui yi wu ren yi kou jiao de shui kuan, bu zu yi di kou jin xiang shui e, dan shang wei zu e di kou de bu fen. dui yu qi mo kou shui jin e, wo guo cai yong xia yi qi jie zhuan kou shui de zhi du an pai. sun rui bao jie shao, qu nian, zhong guo dui bu fen fu he tiao jian de qi ye zai yi ding shi qi nei wei jiao jin xiang shui shi xing yi ci xing tui shui, shi xian tui shui 1148 yi yuan. sui zhe zeng zhi shui gai ge bu fa de jia kuai, jin nian wo men jiang ba yu kou shui tui shui kuo da dao quan hang ye. zhi yao na shui ren fu he yao qiu, jiu ke yi tui huan qi xin zeng de yu kou shui tui shui." ta shuo, zhe biao zhi zhe wo guo yi chu bu jian li le qi mo yu kou tui shui zhi du, wei wan shan zeng zhi shui zhi du you hua jing ying huan jing mai chu le zhong yao yi bu. cai zheng bu shui wu si si zhang wang jian fan ren wei, jiang di shui lv shi zhi jie jian shui, zeng jia kou chu xiang mu ye shi jian shui. qi mo bao liu tui shui shi wei le zeng jia qi ye de xian jin liu liang, jian shao qi ye de cai wu fei yong. wei lai, cong jian li xian dai zeng zhi shui zhi du de gai ge fang xiang lai kan, san shui he yi geng you li yu jian hua he gong ping. dan shi, zhe xiang gai ge ying gai zai zong he kao lv jing ji fa zhan shui zhi bian hua deng zhu duo tiao jian de ji chu shang jin xing, shi yi ge bu duan tui jin de guo cheng. ze ren bian ji: liu wan li SF014

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